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 时间:2018-08-17 13:49:05 贡献者:杨宏伟

导读:2019 中考英语专项练习-------名词1. They got much _____ from those new books. A. ideas B. photos C. news D. stories 2. I have two _______ and three bottles of _________ here. A. orange, orange B. oranges, oranges C. oranges, orange D. orange

中考英语专题名词练习-含答案
中考英语专题名词练习-含答案

2019 中考英语专项练习-------名词1. They got much _____ from those new books. A. ideas B. photos C. news D. stories 2. I have two _______ and three bottles of _________ here. A. orange, orange B. oranges, oranges C. oranges, orange D. orange, oranges 3. Every evening M r. King takes a _________ to his home . A. 25 minutes’ walk B. 25 minute’s walk C. 25 minute walk D. 25 minutes walk 4. An old _______ wants to see you. A. people B. person C. the people D. the person 5. Help yourself to __________. A. chickens and apples B. chickens and apple C. chicken and apple D. chicken and apples 6. Oh, dear. I forgot the two _________. A. room’s number B. rooms’ number C. room numbers D. rooms’ numbers 7. She has been in Tianjin for ten years. Tianjin has become her second _________. A. family B. house C. home D. room 8. ________ mothers couldn’t go to the meeting, because they have gone to Shanghai . A. Mary and Peter’s B. Mary and Peter C. Mary’s and Peter D. Mary’s and Peter’s 9. Li Lei has been to __________ many times this month. A. her uncle B. her uncle’s C. her uncles D. aunt’s 10. He is a success as a leader but he hasn’t ________ in teaching. A. many experiences B. much experience C. an experience D. a lot experience 11. A classmate of _________ was here ten minutes ago. A. you B. your C. your sister D. your sister’s 12. A group of _________ are talking with two ___________. A. Frenchmen, Germans B. Germans ,Frenchmans C. Frenchmans , Germen D. Germen , Frenchmen 13.The team ________ having a meeting . A. is B. are C. am D. be 14. “Would you like _________?” “________, please.” A. drink, Three coffees B. a cup of drink, Coffees C. a drink, A coffee D. a drink, Three cups of coffees 15. The Great Wall was made not only by _______, but also the flesh and blood of ________ men. A.earth and stone, millions of B. earths and stones, millions C. the earth and stone, million of D. the earths and stones, millions

练习与巩固:熟能生巧,取得好成绩! 1. Last night, there was a food accident. The _______ were ill, but no _______ were lost. A. child, lives B. children, life C. children, lives D. child, life 2. ---This is a photo of _________ when they were young. ---OK, how happy they both looked! A. my father and mother B. my mother and father's C. my mother's and father's D.my father's and my mother 3. The new student is in __________ , Grade Two. A. Class Third B. Third Class C. Class Three D. Three class 4. Today is September 10th. It's __________ Day. Let's go and buy some flowers for our teachers. A. Teachers B. Teachers' C. the Teachers' D. Teacher's 5. The market isn't far from here. It's only _________ bicycle ride. A.half an hours' B. half an hour's C. half an hour D. an hour and a half 6. --- What would you like to drink, girls? --- _________, please. A.Two cup of coffee B. Two cups of coffe C. Two cups of coffee D. Two cups of coffees 7. During Christmas, people get together and sing Christmas songs for _________. A. fun B. wishes C. interest D. thanks 8. Some _________ are flying kites near the river. A. child B. boy C. boys D. childs 9. After the exam, we'll have________ holiday. A. two weeks B. two-weeks C. two weeks' D. two week's 10. They are those _________ bags.Please put them on the bus. A. visitor B. visitors C. visitor's D. visitors' 11.--- How many workers are there in your factory? --- There are two ___________. A. hundreds B. hundred C. hundred of D. hundreds of 12. ---What do you think of the _______ the Moonlight Sonata by Beethoven? --- It sounds really wonderful. A. subject B. music C. book D. animal 13. There is not enough _________ in the corner for the fridge. A. place B. room C. field D. ground 14. _________ comes from sheep and some people like eating it A. Wool B. Pork C. Mutton D. Milk 15. If you don't take more ________, you'll get fat. A. medicine B. lessons C. photos D. exercise 16. My school is about twenty ________ walk from here. A. minute B. minutes' C. minutes's D. minutes 17. Mum, I have _______ to tell you! A. a good news B. some good news C. some good newes D. much good

news 18. Which is the ________ to the post office? A. street B. way C. road D. address 19. I stayed at ________ last Sunday. A. my uncles B. my uncles' C. my uncle's D. my uncle's family 20. Maths ________ not easy to learn. A. are B. is C. am D. were 判断对错 1、I want to buy two shoes. 2、May I borrow two radioes? 3、There are much people in the garden. 4、I want a few water. 5、Thank you very much. Your family is very kind to me. 6、Tom's and Mary's family are waiting for us. 7、I'm sorry. I have to go. Tom's families are waiting for me. 8、Don't eat too much meats. 9、Food in that restaurant is very good. 10、Please give me two waters. 11、Can you give me the newspaper of today? 12、Please make a room for the lady in the school bus. 13、There is a flowers garden behind my house. 14、My mother bought two fishes for supper this morning. 15、I offered my son my congratulation on his success. 16、We have five German in this meeting. 17、Physics are very difficult to learn. 18、There is a people in the room. 19、Where is my shoe? 20、There are many fruit in the shop. 21、There is a new car. It is Jone's and Mary's. 22、It is really beautiful. It is a work of nature. 23、He is an old friend of my father. 24、My father is a good cooker. 25、The young is dancing there. 26、This is one of the English-Chinese dictionary. 27、Let's go to uncle Wang for supper. 28、I think we will make a friend with each other. 29、I want to tell you much pieces of good news. 30、The teacher with five students are coming here. 31、There are a lot of information here, but we don't need them. 32、The children wear very good cloth to go to school today. 33、I like to study the English. 34、The Browns is going to visit China.

参考答案 例题解析:举一反三,学的更轻松! 1. They got much _____ from those new books. A. ideas B. photos C. news D. stories 解析: much 是用来修饰不可数名词的, A B D 三个选项均是可是名词的复数形 式, C 项为不可数名词, 因此选 C. 2. I have two _______ and three bottles of _________ here. A. orange, orange B. oranges, oranges C. oranges, orange D. orange, oranges 解析: orange 有两种含义, 一种可数名词橘子, 另一种是不可数名词橘汁, 此题 第一空应填可数名词, 第二空填不可数名词, 因此选 C。

3. Every evening M r. King takes a _________ to his home . A. 25 minutes’ walk B. 25 minute’s walk C. 25 minute walk D. 25 minutes walk 解析: 句中的 minute 应该用其复数的所有格形式,只+’,而不能+s,因此选 A。

4. An old _______ wants to see you. A. people B. person C. the people D. the person 解析: person 与 people 都有” 人”的意思, 但用法不同.“一个人” 用“a person” , “两个人” 用 “two persons”; people 泛指 “人们”是集合名词,表示复数, the people 指 “人民”, a people 指 “一个民族”. 应选 B。

5. Help yourself to __________. A. chickens and apples B. chickens and apple C. chicken and apple D. chicken and apples 解析: chicken 可用作可数名词指小鸡,用作不可数名词指鸡肉,根据词题意应理解 为鸡肉;apple 为可数名词, 故应+s, 因此选 D。

6. Oh, dear. I forgot the two _________. A. room’s number B. rooms’ number C. room numbers D. rooms’ numbers 解析: room number 房间号码. room 可直接用作定语修饰后面的名词 . 类似的 还有 my phsics teacher, two bus drivers 等. 应选 C。

7. She has been in Tianjin for ten years. Tianjin has become her second _________. A. family B. house C. home D. room 解析: family 指的是家庭或是家庭成员; house 指的是房子(住所); room 指的是房 间;而 home 指的是家, 因此选 C. 8. ________ mothers couldn’t go to the meeting, because they have gone to Shanghai . A. Mary and Peter’s B. Mary and Peter C. Mary’s and Peter D. Mary’s and Peter’s

解析: 此句中 “mothers”是复数,表示两个人各自的母亲,因此应选 D。

9. Li Lei has been to __________ many times this month. A. her uncle B. her uncle’s C. her uncles D. aunt’s 解析: 此句意为 “李雷这个去她舅舅家多次”. 表示具体场所时, 可省去所有格 后面的名词. 因此选 B。

10. He is a success as a leader but he hasn’t ________ in teaching. A. many experiences B. much experience C. an experience D. a lot experience 解析: experience 作 “经验” 讲时是不可数名词, 作 “经历”讲时是可数名 词. 本句中应理解为 “经验” ,因此是不可数名词,排除 A C. 又因 a lot of , lots of, plenty of 只用于肯定句, 不用于否定句, 因此选 B。

11. A classmate of _________ was here ten minutes ago. A. you B. your C. your sister D. your sister’s 解析: 此题考查名词的双重所有格.应选 D。

12. A group of _________ are talking with two ___________. A. Frenchmen, Germans B. Germans ,Frenchmans C. Frenchmans , Germen D. Germen , Frenchmen 解析: Frenchman 是复合词,其复数形式为 Frenchmen; German 的复数为直接 在单词末尾+S, 应选 A. 13.The team ________ having a meeting . A. is B. are C. am D. be 解析: team 是一个集合名词,即可表示复数意义(指整个小组) , 也可指小组中的 成员(表示复数), 此题意为后者, 因此选 B。

14. “Would you like _________?” “________, please.” A. drink, Three coffees B. a cup of drink, Coffees C. a drink, A coffee D. a drink, Three cups of coffees 解析: drink 和 coffee 是不可数名词, 可以用…of 来表示数量, eg, three cups of coffee, 当前面加 a 时,则表示 “一杯” .因此选 C。

15. The Great Wall was made not only by _______, but also the flesh and blood of ________ men. A.earth and stone, millions of B. earths and stones, millions C. the earth and stone, million of D. the earths and stones, millions 解析:earth 是不可数名词,因此删除 B D,数以百万的应为 millions of . 因此选 A。

练习与巩固:熟能生巧,取得好成绩! 选择最佳答案: 1-5 CBCBB 6-10 CACCD 11-15 ABBCD 16-20 BBBCB判断对错 1、 [误]I want to buy two shoes. [正]I want to buy two pairs of shoes.

[析]英语中 glasses—眼镜,shoes—鞋,trousers—裤子等由两部分组成的名词 一般要用复数形式。

如果要表示一副眼镜应用 a pair of glasses 而这时的谓语动词 应与量词相一致。

如:2、This pair of glasses is very good. [误]May I borrow two radioes? [正]May I borrow two radios? [析]以 o 结尾的名词大都是用加 es 来表示其复数形式,但如果 o 前面是一个 元音字母或外来语时则只加 s 就可以了。

这样的词有 zoo—zoos,piano—pianos. 3、 [误]This is a Mary's dictionary. [正]This is Mary's dictionary. [析]如名词前有指示代词 this, that, these those,及其他修饰词 our,some, every, which, 或所有格时,则不要再加冠词。

4、 [误]There are much people in the garden. [正]There are many people in the garden. [析]可数名词前应用 many, few, a few, a lot of 来修饰,而 people 是可数名词, 而且是复数名词,如:The people are planting trees here. 5、 [误]I want a few water. [正]I want a little water. [析] 不可数名词前可以用 a little, little, a lot of, some 来修饰, 但不可用 many,few 来修饰。

6、 [误]Thank you very much. Your family is very kind to me. [正]Thank you very much. Your family are very kind to me. 7、 [误]Tom's and Mary's family are waiting for us. [正]Tom's and Mary's families are waiting for us. 8、 [误]I'm sorry. I have to go. Tom's families are waiting for me. [正]I'm sorry. I have to go. Tom's family are waiting for me. [析]集合名词如果指某个集合的整体,则应视为单数,如指某个集合体中的个 体则应视为复数。

如:My family is a big family. When I came in, Tom's family were watching TV. 即汤姆一家人正在看电视。

这样的集合名词有: family class, team 等。

9、 [误]Don't eat too much meats. [正]Don't eat too much meat. 10、 [误]Food in that restaurant is very good. [正]The food in that restaurant is very good. [析]物质名词是不可数名词,在使用中不可以加 s,即它没有复数形式。

也不 可加不定冠词。

但如果用于特指某一物质时可以加定冠词。

如: I don't like drinking coffee, but the coffee in that cup is really good. 11、 [误]Please give me two waters. [正]Please give me two glasses of water. [正]Please give me two coffees. two cups of tea,two glasses of water,a glass of milk,a loaf of bread, a piece of bread,a box of sugar, a bowl of rice,a bottle of orange, a bag of earth I'll tell you a piece of good news.

但只有 coffee 可以用 coffees 来取代 many cups of coffee. 12、 [误]Can you give me the newspaper of today? [正]Can you give me today's newspaper? [析]加's 构成所有格的名词一般应指有生命的人或物。

如:Mary's hair,但在 英文的习惯用法中对时间、距离等名词的所有格多用's 来构成而不用 of 结构。

如:a five minutes' walk. 13、 [误]Please make a room for the lady in the school bus. [正]Please make room for the lady in the school bus. [析]英语中更多的名词是含有多种用法和多种含意的, 如: room 为可数名词时为“房间” ,如:I live in Room 5.而 room 为抽象名词时 为空间上面一句话应译为 “请给老妇人在校车上留个地方。

” 这样的词还有: glass 玻璃 glasses 眼镜 stone 石头 a stone 一块石头 time 时间 two times 两次 wood 木头 woods 树林 14、 [误]There is a flowers garden behind my house. [正]There is a flower garden behind my house. [析]名词除了在句中作主语、宾语、表语外,还可以用来修饰另一个名词,这 时作修饰词的名词一般要用单数形式,如: shoe factory ( 鞋厂 ),post office( 邮 局),evening paper (晚报),night school (夜校),head master (校长),a law school (法律 学院)。

但也有例外,如:a goods train(货车),sports meeting (运动会)。

15、 [误]My mother bought two fishes for supper this morning. [正]My mother bought two fish for supper this morning. [析] 英语中有些名词单复同形, 如: fish, deer, sheep, Chinese (中国人), means (方 法)。

所以应讲 one fish, two fish, one Chinese, two Chinese. 如果讲 There are five fishes in the pool.应译为池中有五种鱼而不是五条鱼。

16、 [误]I offered my son my congratulation on his success. [正]I offered my son my congratulations on his success. [析]英语中表示祝贺的词虽有单数形式,但一般要用其复数形式。

如握手为 shake hands. 17、 [误]We have five German in this meeting. [正]We have five Germans in this meeting. [析]英国人 Englishman 的复数形式为 Englishmen,而 German 则要加 s,因为 它不是由国名与 man 的组合词。

18、 [误]Physics are very difficult to learn. [正]Physics is very difficult to learn. [析] 虽以 s 结尾但只能用作单数名词有: 科学, 学科名字: Physics. Mathematics politics 游戏名称:bowls 专有名称:Niagara Falls(尼亚加拉瀑布) 其他名词: news(消息,新闻) 19、 [误]There is a people in the room. [正]There is a person in the room. [正]There is a man in the room. [析]people 是复数名词,不可用作单数,如要用来讲一个人时应用 a person, a man, a woman 。

同样的词有 police. 要讲一个警察时则要用 a policeman, a policewoman。

20、 [误]Where is my shoe? [正]Where are my shoes? [析] 常常只用作复数形式的词有 trousers, pants, shorts(短裤), socks(袜子),shoes, gloves(手套)。

但如果只找其中的一个则要指明,这时还是应用单数形式。

如: Where's my left glove?(我左手的手套在哪?) 21、 [误]There are many fruit in the shop. [正]There are many fruits in the shop. [析]物质名词为不可数名词,但是用来表示种类时则可以用作可数名词,这里 22、 [误]There is a new car. It is Jone's and Mary's. [正]There is a new car. It is Jone and Mary's. [析]有生命名词的所有格,如果是单数名词则加's 如:Mary's car.如果是以 s 结尾的复数名词则只在 s 后面加’如:teachers' offices.如果是复数名词但不是以 s 结尾,则只加’s,如:children's palace 组合名词的所有格是在最后一个词尾 加's 如: girl friend —girl friend's someone else—someone else's a week or three—a week or three's 如名词后有同位语时,则应加在同位语的词尾上,如:It is my girl friend, Mary's car.要注意的是当两个名词并列时,如表示归两人共同所有,则在 最后一个名词后面加's,如果表示分别所有则在两个名词后分别加's,如:This is Mary and Jone's home.即 Mary 与 Jone 是一家人。

这是他们共同的家。

而 These are Mary's and Jone's homes.则应译为这里是 Mary 的家与 Jone 的家。

23、 [误]It is really beautiful. It is a work of nature. [正]It is really beautiful. It is a Nature's work. [析]无生命名词的所有格应用 of 结构。

但是's 形式的所有格可用于以下无生 命的名词:表示时间的词:today's newspaper, a twenty minutes' walk, an hour's, rest 表示长度的词:three metres' distance, a boat's length, twenty miles' journey 表示重量的名词: two pounds' weight 价格名词: two dollars'worth 拟人化的名词: Nature's work, nature's lesson(大自然的教训)及国家、机关、团体、城市等机构 性名词:the university's library 24、 [误]He is an old friend of my father. [正]He is an old friend of my father's. [析]这是英语中的一种习惯用法而不要根据语法去推理。

如:This pen is Tom's. 25、 [误]My father is a good cooker. [正]My father is a good cook. [析]一般动词加上 er 后则转意为执行该动作的执行者,如 :teach( 教 ) — teacher( 老 师 ),think( 想 ) — thinker( 思 想 家 ),drive( 开 车 ) — driver( 司 机 ),sell( 卖 ) — seller(卖物者)……但不能总是以此类推,比如 cook 是动词“做饭” 。

而 cook 也 可作为名词“厨师”讲,而 cooker 则为厨具,餐具,即锅、碗、勺等做饭用具。

26、 [误]The young is dancing there. [正]The young are dancing there. [析]英文中用定冠词加上形容词表示一类人时应按复数名词,如:the rich 富 人,the poor(穷人),the wise 聪明人,但如果用定冠词加形容词来表示事物则要 用作单数名词,如:The beautiful is still here.美丽的风景依旧。

27、 [误]This is one of the English Chinese dictionary. [正]This is one of the English Chinese dictionaries.

[析]one of 意为“……之一” ,of 后面的名词要用复数形式。

28、 [误]Let's go to uncle Wang for supper. [正]Let's go to uncle Wang's for supper. [析]uncle Wang's 意为“王叔叔家” ,doctor's 意为“医院或私人诊所” 。

29、 [误]I think we will make a friend with each other. [正]I think we will make friends with each other. [析]make friends 为习惯用法,即交朋友。

30、 [误]I want to tell you much pieces of good news. [正]I want to tell you many pieces of good news. [析]news 为不可数名词,但加了量词之后则要用 many 来修饰量词,因量词是 可数名词,或可以说 I want to tell you some good news.因 some 即可用在可数名 词前, 也可用在不可数名词前作形容词, 如: I want to tell you some pieces of good news. 31、 [误]The teacher with five students are coming here. [正]The teacher with five students is coming here. [析]要注意由 with 引出的介词短语不是本句的主语,这与连词 and 有很大的 区别,如:The teacher and five students are coming here. 这里由介词引出的短语 仅仅是 teacher 的修饰语。

32、 [误]There are a lot of information here, but we don't need them. [正]There is a lot of information here, but we don't need it. [析]information 为不可数名词,而用作代替它的词要用 it 而不能用 them. 33、 [误]The children wear very good cloth to go to school today. [正]The children wear very good clothes to go to school today. [析]英文中 cloth,clothes,clothing 是易混之词:cloth 是物质名词,意为“布” , 没有复数形式, 而 clothing 是指衣物的总称, 也没有复数形式。

clothes 是指衣服, 但没有单数形式,如:This clothing is needed in warm countries. Her clothes are made of fine cloth.英文中的 dress 则指较正规的服装,如:a school dress 校服, an evening dress 晚礼服。

34、 [误]I like to study the English. [正]I like to study English. [析]作为一种学科名词前不要用冠词,而作为某一特指学科则要加冠词,如: I like to study history. I like to study the history of America. 35、 [误]The Browns is going to visit China. [正]The Browns are going to visit China. [析]定冠词加姓加 s,则意为“Brown 先生一家人” 。

所以应用复数谓语动词。

此句应译为:Brown 先生一家将要访问中国。

 
 

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