跨文化交际测试题（一） I. Multiple Choice (20 points, 2 points each) Directions: There are some statements in this section. For each statement there are four choices marked A, B, C and D, choose the ONE that best completes the statement. 1. The United States continues to welcome a large number of immigrants each year and has been referred to as a melting-pot society. This trend can reflect the theory of _____. A. macroculture B. microculture C. globalization D. modernization 2. A teenager dresses like and talks like a gang member but not a member of any gang. This case reflects the _______ characteristic of subgroup. A. deviant label B. temporality C. wanna-be behavior D. unexamined 3. When you talk with your friends about Picasso, Beethoven, you are talking about culture from ______ perspective. A. anthropologic B. intellectual C. social D. psychological 4. The dialogues at the United Nations, for example, would be termed _________. A. interracial communication B. interethnic communication C. international communication D. interpersonal communication 5. There is a Chinese belief that “One is good in nature with different characteristics but similar habits. However, if he is not well educated, his nature changes”. This belief can reflect that_______. A. Human nature is evil but perfectible. B. Human nature is a mixture of good and evil. C. Human nature is good but corruptible. D. None of the above. 6. Mr. Wang, a Chinese immigrate in U.S, has adapted himself so well to American culture that he gradually lost his Chinese cultural identity. This process is called_____. A. separation and segregation B. integration C. assimilation D. marginalization 7. Liming, a Chinese student, just began his study in a university in the United States. In his first week in U.S, he thought everything was new and exciting, and he enjoyed himself a lot. Liming is in_____ stage of culture shock. A. honeymoon B. crisis C. reintegration D. gradual adjustment 8. _____ is the process of putting an idea into a symbol. A. Decoding B. Channel C. Encoding D. Source 9. _____ refers to anything that distorts the message the source encodes. A. Noise B. Message C. Source D. Context 10. _____ refers to that portion of the receiver response of which the source has knowledge and to which the source attends and assigns meaning. A. Receiver B. Decoding
C. EncodingD. FeedbackII. Terms (15 points, 3 points each) Directions: There are five terms in this section. Try to explain the following terms in your own words. Then write down the answers on the Answer Sheet. 11. 12. 13. 14. 15. Intercultural communication Culture (from intercultural communication perspective) Norms Acculturation EuphemismIII. Case Analysis (20 points, 5 points each) Directions: In this section you are supposed to analyze the following cases from the perspective of intercultural communication. Then write down the answers on the Answer Sheet. 16. At a reception for a U.S. political candidate, the guests appear to be divided into groups. People in some groups are all African Americans, others are Latin Americans; and others are Asians. Explain the cultural phenomena that are operating at this political gathering. 17. The U.S. automotive manufacturers have complained about Japanese automotive imports and that the U.S. car firms are locked out of the Japanese market. The Japanese have countered that the U.S. firms have not done their homework; they offer cars that are too big or are not fuel efficient. While U.S. car sales have decreased in the United States, Japanese car sales have increased. Japanese manufacturers have begun to assemble cars in the United States; many U.S. firms are moving part of their operations to Mexico. Discuss the implications to these firms as they globalize. 18. The United States has globalized faster than it has paid attention to mindsets that differ from U.S. mindset. The world is connected by news satellites, and that allowed the Gulf War Crisis to be viewed as it unfolded ----- the world literally watched the war happen. Explain how the world and public opinion have been affected by mass media, including how world negotiations have changed for governments, diplomats, politicians, and businesses. 19. The origin of the hand salute is uncertain. Some historians believe it began in late Roman times when assassinations were common. A citizen who wanted to see a public official had to approach with his right hand raised to show that he did not hold a weapon. Knights in armor raised visors with the right hand when meeting a comrade. The practice gradually became a way of showing respect and, in early American history, sometimes involved removing the hat. By 1820, the motion was modified to touch the hat, and since then it has become the hand salute used today. IV. Short Answer (30 points, 5 points each) Directions: In this section you are supposed to answer the following questions with the knowledge of intercultural communication. Then write down the answers on the Answer Sheet. 20. What are the elements contributing to the globalization?
21. How is culture learned? 22. What does the power distance measure according to Hofstede? 23. What shall be considered in planning business messages? 24. How have been individualism and collectivism associated with direct and indirect styles of communication? 25. Explain high-context culture and low-context culture. V. English –Chinese Translation (15 points, 3 points each) Directions: In this section you are supposed to translate the underlined sentences into Chinese. Then write down the answers on the Answer Sheet. 26. American restaurant customs are somewhat different from those in other countries. Elsewhere , it may be appropriate to get a waiter or waitress’ attention by calling, whistling , or snapping the fingers. 27. In America, you put up a finger to catch his or her eye. In many parts of the world a fixed service charge is added to restaurant bills. 28. In most American restaurants it is common to tip the waiter or waitress about 15% of the total bill. If the service was very good, you should leave a larger tip. If it was bad, you should leave less. 29. The tip is usually left on the table , but you can also give it directly to the waiter or waitress. In better restaurants you pay your bill through the waitress or waiter. 30. In inexpensive ones, you pay at the cash register. Finally , if you are not able to finish your food, it is perfectly acceptable to ask for a “doggie bag” for the extra food.