跨文化交际测试题（三） I. Multiple Choice (20 points, 2 points each) Directions: There are some statements in this section. For each statement there are four choices marked A, B, C and D, choose the ONE that best completes the statement. 1. _____ is the process of putting an idea into a symbol. A. Decoding B. Channel C. Encoding D. Source 2. _____ is the socialization process you go through to adapt to your society. A. Deculturation B. Acculturation C. Assimilation D. Enculturation 3. _____ takes place when individuals become an integral part of the new culture while maintaining their cultural integrity. A. Culture shock B. Integration C. Cultural identity D. Acculturation 4. An American company that operates in Japan almost caused a disaster in the United States—Japanese relations by addressing 500 red Christmas cars to its Japanese joint-venture partner, since funeral notices are red in Japan. This case has reflected that each country has its art for _____. A. tipping B. greeting C. card exchange D. giving gift 5. In______, the handshake is accompanied with a light kiss; even males kiss both cheeks after a handshake. A. the United States B. Saudi Arabia C. Russia D. France 6. _____ occurs when the sender and the receiver exchanging messages are from different races that pertain to different physical characteristics. A. Interethnic Communication B. Interracial Communication C. Intracultural communication D. Intercultural communication 7. _____ is typically used to refer to the study of a particular idea or concept within many cultures. The goal of such investigations is to conduct a series of intracultural analyses in order to compare on culture to another on the attributes of interest. A. Interethnic communication B. Interracial communication C. Cross-cultural communication D. Intercultural communication 8. _____ refers to communication between people whose cultural perceptions and symbol systems are distinct enough to alter the communication event. A. Interethnic Communication B. Interracial Communication C. intracultural communication D. Intercultural communication 9. _____ refers to anything that distorts the message the source encodes. A. Noise B. Message C. Source D. Context 10. _____ refers to that portion of the receiver response of which the source has knowledge and to which the source attends and assigns meaning. A. Receiver B. Decoding C. Encoding D. Feedback
II. Terms (15 points, 3 points each) Directions: There are five terms in this section. Try to explain the following terms in your own words. Then write down the answers on the Answer Sheet. 11. 12. 13. 14. 15. Intracultural communication Nonverbal communication (from narrow perspective) High context Stereotype PrejudiceIII. Case Analysis (20 points, 5 points each) Directions: In this section you are supposed to analyze the following cases from the perspective of intercultural communication. Then write down the answers on the Answer Sheet. 16. Automaker Henry Ford established for his company the “English Melting Pot School.” The graduation ceremony featured the automaker’s foreign-born employees, dressed in Old World costumes and carrying signs noting their birthplaces, marching into a large, kettle-shaped prop labeled “Melting Pot.” Moments later, the same people would emerge dressed in neat business suits and waving small U.S. flags. 17. A speaker’s use of uncalled-for profanity can cause us to wonder why the speaker used profanity and draw attention away from the message itself. 18. You have certain knowledge and expectations of the communication that occurs within synagogues, mosques, and churches. At times, you intentionally plan a certain physical environment for your communication: you may want to locate your romantic communications in a quiet, dimly lit restaurant or on a secluded beach. 19. Korean has special vocabularies for each sex, for different degrees of social status and degrees of intimacy, and for formal occasions. When two people are introduced, they first engage in small talk to determine each other’s social position in order to know who should use common language and who should use honorific language. IV. Short Answer (30 points, 5 points each) Directions: In this section you are supposed to answer the following questions with the knowledge of intercultural communication. Then write down the answers on the Answer Sheet. 20. 21. 22. 23. 24. 25. What are key strategies for effective intercultural communication? What are the elements contributing to the globalization? How is culture learned? How many stages can be the process of perception divided? What are they? Describe four reasons for the persistence of prejudice? Explain the term “intercultural communication competence” and its three components.V. English—Chinese Translation (15 points, 3 points each) Directions: In this section you are supposed to translate the underlined sentences into Chinese.
Then write down the answers on the Answer Sheet. 26. Good intercultural communicators must have intercultural communication competence. Communication competence is a part of social competence, which is an individual’s ability, i.e. behaviors and skills, to control his or her social environment. 27. Intercultural competence is a part of communication competence. Communication competence is the competence in general, while the intercultural communication involves the communication between communicators from different cultural backgrounds. 28. To be a successful intercultural communicator, we must know the components of intercultural competence. First, competent intercultural communication is contextual. Competence is not independent of the relationships and situations within which communication occurs. 29. Secondly, intercultural competence requires behaviors that are appropriate and effective. 30. Thirdly, intercultural competence requires sufficient knowledge, suitable motivations, and skilled actions.